The Effect of Energy Framework in Smart Building Integration into a Smart City


  • Hazim Altarawneh
  • Mohammad Almajali Mutah University, Mechanical Engineering Department, Karak-Jordan



Smart Building, Smart city, Framework


Numerous energy frameworks have been established to assess the criteria for smart buildings. However, most of these frameworks fail to account for the specific standards and needs of individual cities. This study aims to address the gap that exists in many energy frameworks used for evaluating buildings. One of these frameworks, known as the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Framework, has been explored to bridge the gap and establish connections between the domains of buildings and the unique contexts of the cities in which these buildings are situated. As part of this investigation, a case study was conducted on the Arfa Tower in Vilnius, Lithuania. Additionally, a survey study was undertaken to evaluate energy performance in Jordanian buildings, using a questionnaire that encompasses the key aspects of the ICT-Framework. The results of the study revealed significant progress in the areas of smart energy and smart environment. However, there are challenges in the smart data field, primarily due to the absence of data management technology in buildings. In the Jordanian context, the study found that 30% of the participants do not utilize insulation materials, and 43% do not have insulated windows. This implies an increased rate of heat transfer in these buildings. On the other hand, 61% of homes use Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting systems, while 81% still rely on traditional lighting control systems. This suggests a lack of modern technologies like sensors for lighting control. Notably, 51% of the surveyed population had heard about smart building technology techniques; however, they did not fully grasp their significance. This highlights the need for energy associations and government agencies to raise awareness about the importance of modern technology in buildings and to activate energy auditing programs for buildings in Jordan.