Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics


First:  Duties of Editorial Board

  • Justice and independence: Editors evaluate the manuscripts submitted for publication on the basis of the significance, originality, validity, clarity, and relevance of the journal, regardless of the gender of the authors, their nationality, or religious belief, so that the editor has full authority over the entire editorial content and timing of publication.
  • Confidentiality: Editors and editorial staff are responsible for the confidentiality of any information about the submitted manuscripts and are not to disclose this information to anyone other than the author, reviewers, and publishers, as appropriate.
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Editors and editorial board members are responsible for the non-use of unpublished information contained in the research submitted for publication without the written consent of the authors. The editors themselves Will decide to consider research with which they have conflicts of interest such as competitive, cooperative, or other relationships with any of the authors; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to deal with the manuscript.
  • Publishing decisions: Editors shall ensure that all manuscripts submitted for publication are subjected for reviewing by at least two reviewers who are experts in the field of the manuscript. The editor-in-chief is responsible for determining which of the research papers will be published, after verifying their relevance to researchers and readers, and the comments of the reviewers.


Second: Duties of the reviewers

  • Contributing to the decisions of the editorial board.
  • Speed and accuracy in time: If a reviewer is unable to review the submitted manuscripts for any reason, they are expected to immediately notify the editors and reject the invitation for reviewing so that other reviewers can be contacted.
  • Confidentiality: Any manuscript received by the Journal for reviewing and publishing is confidential; it should not appear or be discussed with others unless authorized by the Editor. This also applies to the invited reviewers who have rejected the invitation for review.
  • Objectivity criteria: The reviewing process of the submitted manuscript should be objective and the reviewer's comments should be clearly formulated with the supporting arguments so that the authors can use them to improve the quality of their manuscript away from the personal criticism of the authors.
  • Disclosure and conflict of interests: Any invited reviewer must immediately notify the editors that he/she has a conflict of interest resulting from competitive, cooperative or other relations with any of the authors so that other reviewers may be contacted.
  • The confidentiality of information or ideas that are not published and have been disclosed in the manuscript submitted for reviewing and not use without the express written consent of the authors. This applies also to the invited reviewers who refused the reviewing invitation.


Third: Duties of the Authors

  • Criteria for the preparation of the manuscript: Authors must provide an accurate description of the presented work and the achieved results, including a subjective discussion of the importance of the work.
  • Originality and plagiarism: Authors must ensure that their work is original and that the works of other authors in the same field must be consulted and referenced in their manuscript. In all of its forms, plagiarism behavior is immoral behavior and takes many forms, such as the adoption of the research of other authors, copying or rephrasing large parts of other research (without referencing) ... etc.
  • The authors should not send or publish the manuscript to different journals simultaneously. Also, authors should not submit a manuscript that has already been published in another journal, because submitting the manuscript simultaneously to more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable.
  • Authorship of the manuscript: Only persons who meet the following authorship criteria should be listed as one of the authors of a manuscript as they should be responsible for the manuscript content: 1) present significant contributions to the design, implementation, data acquisition, analysis or interpretation of the study; 2) critically contribute to the manuscript writing and revision or 3) have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to submit it for publication.
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Authors must report any conflict of interest that can have an impact on the manuscript and its reviewing process. Examples of potential conflicts of interest to be disclosed such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, and knowledge of the subject or material discussed in the manuscript.
  • Risks and human or animal subjects: If the research involves the use of chemicals, procedures or equipment that may have any unusual risks, the authors must clearly identify them in their work. In addition, if it involves the use or experimentation of humans or animals, the authors must ensure that all actions have been carried out in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations and that the authors have obtained prior approval for these contributions. Moreover, the privacy rights of humans must be considered.
  • Authors must fully cooperate and respond promptly to editors' requests for clarifications, proof of ethical approvals, patient approvals, and copyright permissions.
  • In the case of making an initial decision on the submitted manuscript that involves some necessary amendment/s and correction/s, the authors must respond promptly to the comments of the reviewers and carry out the required corrections and re-submit it to the journal by the deadline.
  • When authors find significant errors or inaccuracies in their submitted manuscripts, they are required to immediately notify editors or publishers of the journal and collaborate with them to either correct or withdraw their work.