Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences 2023-11-22T07:56:37+03:00 Natural and Applied and Health Sciences Open Journal Systems <p><strong><img src="" alt="" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences </strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN : 1021-6812</strong></p> <p><strong>On Line ISSN: 3006-8657</strong></p> <p> Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences <strong>(MJNAHS) </strong>is an international, interdisciplinary, bilingual, double-blind peer-reviewed, and open-access academic journal. MJNAHS is published regularly by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Mutah University. It publishes Tow issues per one volume every year, and each issue consists of 5 articles. It is supervised by an editorial board and an international advisory board that have specialized scholars in different fields of humanities and social sciences.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>(MJNAHS)</strong> publishes original articles in Arabic and English that contribute to promoting knowledge in all disciplines of <strong>Natural, Applied and Health Sciences</strong>. All submitted manuscripts are subject to strict criteria that include technical editing and peer reviewing by two reviewers to assure research originality and validity.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>(MJNAHS)</strong> has enjoyed a leading reputation locally and regionally over the past three decades. It has become an accredited journal for the purpose of promotion of researchers and academicians in all public and private universities, in Jordan in particular and in the Arab World in general</p> <p> </p> <p>To ensure the quality and orginality of the research published in the journal, MJNAHS follows strict criteria and procedures that guarantee the quality and the integrity of the research accepted for publication.</p> <p> </p> An Analytical Comparative Study of Contemporary Minaret Architectural Design in Jordan 2023-10-29T13:06:24+03:00 Oraib Jaafreh <p>Mosque architecture in Jordan has witnessed remarkable development in recent years. Minaret, as an important element in the mosque's design, still has the designers' attention, despite losing its traditional primary function as a place to call for prayer to the surrounding neighborhoods. This research is based on the analysis of twelve selected case studies of mosques designed by Jordanian architects to understand the common architectural trends for minaret design in contemporary mosques by focusing on the analysis of the forms, functions, elements, and characteristics of contemporary minarets. Finally, this paper's results aimed to clarify the features of the transformation of the architectural design of contemporary minarets in Jordan in order to provide a helpful reference for architects, designers, and mosque patrons.</p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences The relationship between student satisfaction with the nursing program and emotional status among undergraduate nursing students 2023-10-29T13:13:00+03:00 Falah Zaal Tarawneh Nuha Kamel Zayadeen <p>It is widely known that nursing students can face emotional challenges due to various factors. However, it is important to investigate how satisfied nursing students are with their program and how it relates to their emotional well-being. This study aims to identify the nursing students' satisfaction level with the nursing program and explore its relationship with their emotional state, a cross-sectional correlation methodology, comprising 273 students from the Faculty of Nursing. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-42 items, alongside the Students' Satisfaction with the Nursing Program Questionnaire, were employed to evaluate their emotional status. The level of satisfaction with the nursing program is low (M=2.19, SD=1.18), and the emotional state disturbance is mild to moderate. There is a positive and statistically significant correlation between students' satisfaction with the nursing program and their emotional status measured by the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale -42, where the Pearson correlation coefficient value was (0.879). The study revealed that students’ satisfaction with the nursing program positively correlated with their emotional status in terms of depression, anxiety, and stress. This finding is alarming regarding the importance of decreasing the risk of depression, anxiety, and stress among nursing students.</p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences The Effect of Energy Framework in Smart Building Integration into a Smart City 2023-10-29T13:19:42+03:00 Hazim Altarawneh Mohammad Almajali <p>Numerous energy frameworks have been established to assess the criteria for smart buildings. However, most of these frameworks fail to account for the specific standards and needs of individual cities. This study aims to address the gap that exists in many energy frameworks used for evaluating buildings. One of these frameworks, known as the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Framework, has been explored to bridge the gap and establish connections between the domains of buildings and the unique contexts of the cities in which these buildings are situated. As part of this investigation, a case study was conducted on the Arfa Tower in Vilnius, Lithuania. Additionally, a survey study was undertaken to evaluate energy performance in Jordanian buildings, using a questionnaire that encompasses the key aspects of the ICT-Framework. The results of the study revealed significant progress in the areas of smart energy and smart environment. However, there are challenges in the smart data field, primarily due to the absence of data management technology in buildings. In the Jordanian context, the study found that 30% of the participants do not utilize insulation materials, and 43% do not have insulated windows. This implies an increased rate of heat transfer in these buildings. On the other hand, 61% of homes use Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting systems, while 81% still rely on traditional lighting control systems. This suggests a lack of modern technologies like sensors for lighting control. Notably, 51% of the surveyed population had heard about smart building technology techniques; however, they did not fully grasp their significance. This highlights the need for energy associations and government agencies to raise awareness about the importance of modern technology in buildings and to activate energy auditing programs for buildings in Jordan.</p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences Big data: a concept in nursing discipline 2023-10-29T13:23:58+03:00 Raed Ali Jaradat <p>Background: Big data is an important concept for the caring disciplines, such as nursing, and medicine, the rapid development of technology has made massive volumes of data available and achievable anytime and anywhere around the world.</p> <p>Methods: The Morse et al. (1996) criteria for concept maturity were used as a framework. A literature review of the big data concept was undertaken to evaluate the logical, epistemological, linguistic, and pragmatic principles. Big data literature was retrieved by searching the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Search terms used were big data, big data analysis, big data and nursing, and data science.</p> <p>Conclusion: Big Data has recently become a popular term among researchers and IT professionals as well as health professionals. Even though the concept meaning is still unclear, but it holds great promise to enhance healthcare quality. Despite that, the concept of big data has been attracting the attention of scholars in the nursing discipline; the lack of a unified definition of the concept limits the use of big data in nursing research. With all its complexity, the concept becoming increasingly more prevalent and affects how nurses learn, practice, conduct research, and develop policy. Consistently defining the concept can help the nurses to prevent, diagnose, and treat health-related issues and enhance healthcare quality</p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences إزالة فوسفات البوتاسيوم باستخدام الترشيح النانوي الخزفي 2023-11-21T12:04:53+03:00 رشا عامر حجرات منار ضاهر <p>In the current study, the separation and rejection behavior of potassium phosphate salt using NF membrane was studied theoretically and experimentally. The extended Nernst Planck equation was used to describe the NF separation behavior by using silver frost programming language using the version FTN95 model. Besides the modeling; an experimental work was done by preparing K<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> solution at concentration of 0.1 and 0.4 M. Where the rejections of K<sup>1+</sup> and PO<sub>4</sub><sup>3-</sup> ions were obtain at different TMP values ranging between 1 to 5 bars. From theoretical results, it was noticed that the best rejection of K<sup>1+</sup> and PO<sub>4</sub><sup>3-</sup> ions where at a volumetric fluxes ranging between was 2.5E-06 to 5E-07 m³/m².sec. Experimental results should that the rejection value for of PO<sub>4</sub><sup>3-</sup> ions increased as the concentration decreased and TMP increased; which is supported by the theoretical results. In the case of K<sup>1+</sup> ion; the higher rejection values as the concentration increased and TMP increased</p> 2023-11-22T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences