Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong><img src="" alt="" width="1351" height="811" /></strong></p> <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong>Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (MJHSS)</strong></p> <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong>Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (MJHSS) is an international, interdisciplinary, bilingual, double-blind peer-reviewed, and open-access academic journal. MJHSS is published regularly by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Mutah University. It publishes six issues per one volume every year, and each issue consists of 10 articles. It is supervised by an editorial board and an international advisory board that have specialized scholars in different fields of humanities and social sciences.</strong></p> <p style="direction: ltr;"> </p> <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong>MJHSS publishes original articles in Arabic and English that contribute to promoting knowledge in all disciplines of humanities and social sciences. All submitted manuscripts are subject to strict criteria that include technical editing and peer reviewing by two reviewers to assure research originality and validity.</strong></p> <p style="direction: ltr;"> </p> <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong>MJHSS has enjoyed a leading reputation locally and regionally over the past three decades. It has become an accredited journal for the purpose of promotion of researchers and academicians in all public and private universities, in Jordan in particular and in the Arab World in general. This explains the large number of submitted papers to the journal from various local and regional universities and institutions.</strong></p> <p style="direction: ltr;"> </p> <p style="direction: ltr;"><strong>To ensure the quality and orginality of the research published in the journal, MJHSS follows strict criteria and procedures that guarantee the quality and the integrity of the research accepted for publication.</strong></p> <p style="direction: ltr;"> </p> Publisher Mutah University Deanship of Academic Research (DAR) en-US Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 1021-6804 Prediction Ability of Coping Strategies in Fear of Coronavirus and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among Frontline Workers during Coronavirus Pandemic <p>Objective: To investigate the prediction ability of the coping strategies in fear of Coronavirus and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among frontline workers during coronavirus pandemic.</p> <p>Methods: The participants were 408 volunteer frontline workers who filled out online self-report measures of brief coping, fear of coronavirus, and post-traumatic stress disorder.</p> <p>Results: It shows that coping strategies predicted 28.8% of the variance in fear of Coronavirus and 34.6% of the variance in post-traumatic stress disorder. The most prominent coping strategies are substance abuse then religion. Moreover, there are low levels of fear of Coronavirus and post-traumatic stress disorderamong frontline workers during coronavirus pandemic</p> <p>Conclusion: Coping strategies play a vital role in developing fear of coronavirus and post-traumatic stress disorder.</p> Mariam Al-Ziadat Moutssem Mahdi Muhammad Adeeb Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.720 Ernest Hemingway’s Paralleling Style: Frederic and Catherine as Two Sides of the Same Coin in A Farewell to Arms <p>This article examines the American novelist Ernest Hemingway’s attempt to disrupt the dichotomy between men and women in his war novel <em>A Farewell to Arms</em> (1929). The article explains that Hemingway creates parallelism (similarities) between the narrator Fredric Henry and his partner Catherine Barkley. Hemingway manages to show this parallelism through revealing his major male and female characters within the context of World War I (WWI). The article focuses on the psychological as well as the physical impact of war on non-combatant civilians (the ambulance driver Fredric and the nurse Catherine). It also places <em>A Farewell to Arms </em>within its historical context (the Great War and its trauma), and its modernist period. It argues that Hemingway’s novel presents in a simple style some realities about WWI by which men and women appear to be similarly victimised by the war. Although accounts of the novel often highlight the centrality of problematic femininity and masculinity in the novel, critics have not fully investigated the fact that the novel creates correspondence between a man and a woman. Throughout analysing the similarities between the two characters, the paper concludes that Hemingway, a modernist who is neither a misogynist nor a feminist, attempts to release male and female characters from gendered restrictions by rejecting the stereotypical image about the dichotomy between men and women.&nbsp;</p> Anoud Ziad Al-Tarawneh Abeer Aser Alrawashdeh Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.721 The Impact of Using Ballistic Training on Improving the Digital Performance Level of Junior Swimmers’ Butterfly Stroke <p>This study aimed at identifying the impact of using ballistic training on improving the digital performance level among the junior swimmers’ butterfly stroke. The study sample consisted of 30 junior swimmers from the Orthodox Club, whose ages ranged between (14) (15) years old, and were divided into two equal groups: experimental and control groups, with 15 swimmers in each group. The researchers used the experimental approach through having experimental and control groups and running pre and post measurements. The program lasted for 8 weeks. The following tests were used: legs and arms strokes (12.5 m), legs and arms strokes (25m), and butterfly swimming (25m, 50m). T-test was used for independent samples in order to find if there are differences between the experimental and control groups. The results of the study showed that there are statistically significant differences at the level (α≤0.05) between the experimental and control groups in post-test measurement in favor of the experimental group. Such a difference can be ascribed to the impact of using ballistic training on improving the digital performance among the junior swimmers’ butterfly stroke. The researchers recommended using the proposed ballistic program as a means for&nbsp; improving the digital performance in butterfly swimming.</p> Esam Najeh Abu-Shihab Anas Khalid Al- Smerat Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.722 The Language of Electoral Propaganda of the Candidates of the Eighteenth Jordanian Parliament: A Linguistics and Communicative Study <p>This study seeks to monitor one of the aspects of human communication, which is a purely functional aspect intended to achieve many functions based on a linguistic text, and it studies electoral propaganda from the point of view of applied social communicative linguistics based on extracts from the linguistics and social sciences, attempting to merge between them. They deal with language as a communicative event that mediates human social activity on the one hand, and they meet on the ther hand in that they depend on field studies.</p> <p>Electoral propaganda was intended to be a distinct form of functional language use, as it invests linguistic structures in order to achieve prevalence and acceptance of the ideas presented, so a number of language functions were invested to achieve its goals. Consequently, it relied on the written communication and&nbsp; persuasive guiding function.</p> <p>This research has sought to demonstrate the use of language in propaganda, when one uses a language structure to do an informational function news post, when another does a mentoring job, and when a third does a persuasive job.Thus, the research adopted a functional linguistic approach that explores the linking of the linguistic structure to its function, so communication in electoral propaganda has to be analyzed in order to reveal the strategies of propaganda speech (electoral propaganda) and how it is formed in linguistic texts that carry a message and aim to persuade, while benefiting from the discourse analysis methods.The characteristics of the text of the publicity speech were investigated, and there was a link of each characteristic with its communicative function that it performs, including the phonological, grammatical and semantic characteristics.</p> <p>It was shown that electoral propaganda is a specific aspect of language use , which is based on discursive strategies that attach great importance to the recipient (the voter)., . Therefore, it adopts psychological, social, communicative and linguistic foundations in order to achieve its intended purpose.</p> Farhaan Rashid Al-Olaimaat Fatimah Mohammad Al-Olaimaat Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.723 The Impact of Strategic Entrepreneurship Orientation on Strategic Performance of Jordanian Public Universities <p>This study aimed to analyze the impact of strategic entrepreneurial orientation dimensions (innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk taking) on the strategic performance of Jordanian public universities. A questionnaire was used to run a survey of 213 academic-administrative leadership employees in three public universities, namely Yarmouk University, Jordan University, and Mutah University. Using SmartPLS 2.0 Software, the data that was collected was analyzed by using a Partial Least Square (PLS) method. The findings show that innovativeness and risk-taking dimensions have a significantly positive effect on the strategic performance of public universities, whereas the proactiveness dimension has no significant effect. This study contributes to the field of entrepreneurship in developing countries and enhances the knowledge of the impacts of strategic entrepreneurial orientation dimensions on the strategic performance of Jordanian public universities.</p> Walid Eid Al-Rawadieh Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.724 The Impact of Supply Chain on achieving Competitive Advantage on the Jordanian Companies for the human Pharmaceutical Industry <p>The study aimed to measure and analyze the effect of supply chain in achieving competitive advantage in the Jordanian companies of the human pharmaceutical industry. The population of the study consisted of 6 Jordanian human pharmaceutical companies. The analysis unit consisted of 320 managers in upper and middle management levels (general manager, deputy general manager, assistant manager, department manager). The sample of the study consisted of 250 respondents selected by comprehensive survey method. Descriptive analysisl method was used; a questionnaire was used as a tool to collect the data. The study found statistically significant impact at significance level (α≤0.05) of supply chain with its combined dimensions (suppliers integration, internal intergration, information sharing) in achieving competitive advantage with its combined dimensions (cost, innovation, flexibility, delivery) in human pharmaceutical companies. The study recommended that human pharmaceutical companies should give attention to supply chain methodology&nbsp; to get benefit of its outputs which can contribute to achieve a competitive advantage.</p> Lina Shukri Jabra Zarafili Samer Abdul-Majid Al-Bashabsheh Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.725 The Impact of the Application of Operations Management Practices on the Performance of Construction Projects: Case Study on the Housing Investors Association in Jordan <p>The goal of this study was to test the impact of operations management practices (Project Design, Project Location, Supply Chain Management, Inventory Management, Quality Management, Maintenance Management) on the performance of construction projects carried out by the Association of Investors in Housing Sector in Jordan in term of (cost, quality, and time) The descriptive analytical approach and questionnaire methodology were used to gather information. The&nbsp; population of the study consisted of (3600) investors in housing sector during the year 2017. The random sampling technique was used to determine sample size which included 346 investers. Questionnaires were distributed, of which (285) questionnaires were returned, valid for analysis, at a rate of 82% of the total sample size, which were analyzed&nbsp; by using a set of statistical methods such as linear&nbsp; and multiple regression, and other&nbsp; methods that are part of the Social Science Statistical Package.</p> <p>The study showed positive effect of the independent variable (operations management practices) on dependent variable (performance of the construction projects) represented by (cost, quality, and time) and this effect could be ranked in descending order as follows: quality, time, and cost. The study showed also that the dimensions of the independent variable (Operations management practices) in its positive effect on the dependent variable (performance of construction projects) could be ranked in descending order as follows: Quality Management,Supply Chain Management,Maintenance ManagementInventory Management Project Design, Project Location.The study recommended the Association of investors in housing sector in Jordan toclear the positive effect of Operations management practices on project efficiency by indicating its positive impact on cost ,time,and quality of projects and to urge them to improve the application of Operations management practices in their projects.It recommended also conducting similar studies on other sectors, such as industrial and services sectors, to show their effects on them and compare results between different sectors to reach common points between them.</p> Feras Ali Alzuby Mohammad Ismayel Aljaghbeer Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.726 Aziz Al-Dein Abu Nasr Ahmed Ibn Abi Al Rajaa Hamid Ibn Mohammed Al Asbahani writer : The Writer who Fulfilled his Role in the Adminstration of the Seljuk State (472-526A.H /1079-1131 A.D) <h5>This study aims to shed light at the personality of Almustawfi, the writer Aziz Al Dein Abu Nasr Ahmed Ibn Abi Al Rajaa Hamid Ibn Mohammed Al Asbahani, famously known as "Al-Aziz", at the period(472-526 A.H /1079-1131 A.D ). The study will cover the life of&nbsp; Al-Aziz, and his family, the early beginning of his work in the management of the Saldjuk Empire, and his rise up the career ladder, and showing the importance of the position of Almustawfi, the owner of the royal treasury. Then, the study will aim at finding the reasons that led to his imprisonment, isolation, and murder, in addition to the extent of the role of the Seljuk administrative and military forces in overthrowing him.</h5> <h5>The study concluded that Al-Aziz was involved in an alliance with Al-Samayramy in overthrowing all those who opposed them in the administration of the state .. Therefore, when the other party who is to hostile to him &nbsp;managed to control the administration of the state during the rein of Al-Darkezeini, this party overthrowed Al-Aziz in the context of the conflict between the different Saldjuk forces in the Administration and military.</h5> Asmaa Mohammad Al-Kindy Isaam Mustafa Oqlah Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.727 Dispelling Illusions about the Meanings of the Quranic Readings <p>Each word of the verses of the Holy Quran &nbsp;a &nbsp;definite and well-defined meaning in the light of a&nbsp; reading of the authenticated readers. Then comes the other authenticated reading as well to carry two meanings, one of which is intended near. This meaning is indicated by the first reading, which carries one meaning. This comes to confirm the intended meaning without the other meaning which is indicated by the second type of reading. - The first reading for﴿نُنْسِهَا﴾ &nbsp;came with two meanings: forgetfulness - not remembering - and the abandonment, and the other reading for﴿نَنْسَأْهَا﴾ &nbsp;came with the meaning of delay, confirming the meaning of leaving, but not forgetting.- The First reading: , ﴿يَسْتَطِيعُ﴾, with the third person –y, and with the nominative marker on ﴿رَبَّكَ﴾, among the meanings that may come to mind are the following: disciples’ doubt about the ability of their Lord and the sincerity of their Prophet Jesus, peace be upon him -; consequently, comes the other reading:﴿تَسْتَطِيعُ﴾ , with the second person t- and with the accusative marker on ﴿رَبَّكَ﴾. To remove and push away this illusory confusion about this meaning, the opposite of this meaning has been emphasized, which is as follows: proving the faith of the believers with their will to complete faith through the vision of the eye. - When the reading of ﴿يَكْذِبُونَكَ﴾ was with light -th-, the delusion in some of its meanings was that the messengers doubted the victoty that God had promised them, and they were taken liars, so they were forced to swear. However, in another reading of &nbsp;﴿يَكْذِّبُونَكَ﴾, with geminated –th-, the indication is clear that the first reading is no the meant one. . Rather, the meaning is that the messengers became certain of the lies of their people. Then, victory from God came to them., or the messengers think that those who believed in them from their people lied, so victory from God came to them..- &nbsp;In a reading, ﴿لَّنُحْرِقَنَّهُ﴾ as well﴿لَّنُحَرِّقَنَّهُ﴾ came for two meanings: burning with fire or sharpening with a sharpener. Since burning with fire is not perceivable; it will return to the solid image, so the third reading came ﴿لَّنَحْرُقَنَّهُ﴾ to show that burning with fire is not intended, but what is meant is to sharpen with a sharpener..</p> Yaser Alsayyed Alsayyed Nuwayer Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.728 The Factors Influencing the Decision of the Syrian Refugee in Jordan to Return to Home Country <p>This study investigated the degree of impact of each of the social, economic and security factors on the decision of the Syrian refugees in Jordan to return to their home country. Using the descriptive analytical approach, 357 electronic questionnaires were distributed to the study samples, who are Syrian refugees in Jordan whose ages are over 18 The results of the study indicate that the degree of influence of social, economic and security factors was generally medium, and that security factors had a high impact and were among the most important factors that influence the decision of Syrian refugees to return to their homeland; they felt that their country lacks security and stability. The economic factors came to a moderate degree; the factor of their professional or occupational success and their private or joint business with Jordanians in the country of asylum was a decisive factor in the decision to return to their country. As for the social factors, which came to a medium degree as well; the factor that they established a new life, that they formed a family in the country of asylum, and that they coexisted and integrated with Jordanians prevented them from returning to their country of origin.</p> Eman Yahia Alomari Ayat Jabr Nashwan Copyright (c) 2023 Mutah Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences ( MJHSS) 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 38 4 10.35682/mjhss.v38i4.729